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film sound part 1
Modern cameras are advanced pieces of equipment. Sadly, the quality of sound has not kept up with the major steps in image improvements.
1 the microphone
the built-in microphone(s) are of average quality. And even if they were better, the sound would never be excellent.
First, the placement is wrong. Microphones should be as close to the source as possible. Pros almost always use shotgun mics on poles. Second, the built-in mic picks up unwanted noise of the focus motors or the handling of the camera. An separate mic is therefore very useful. But which one to buy?
1.1 A mic placed on the hotshoe of the camera.
This is a shotgun mic that picks up a lot less noise from the camera and will enhance the sound quality of especially dialogs. This type of mic is to consider if you want to want to do camera and sound by yourself.
In situations where the place of the camera is not the place of action the sound will be not optimal. Even when the sound level is adequate, the sound will always sound distant.
1.2 A lavalier mic
This type will especially in interviews lead to high quality sound. Lavaliers are available wired or wireless.
1.3 A shotgun mic on a pole.
As mentioned earlier, pros use it all the time. The most obvious disadvantage is that you as a cameraman will always need someone els to do the sound.
Most mics can be connected to the camera, directly or with the use of an adapter. The sound will be recorded on camera. This is simple, but has its disadvantages. More on this in part 2.